Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Gum disease is the inflammation of the gums caused by plaque. When plaque hardens, it becomes calculus. Formation of plaque is due to poor oral hygiene. It starts as gingivitis (inflammation of gums) and if untreated can progress to advance stage Periodontitis.
As a result, symptoms will progress from bleeding gums, pockets, abscess between the teeth and gums, bad breath, bad taste, loose teeth, drifting apart of teeth, and gaps between the teeth. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.
According the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP), factors that may contribute to gingivitis include, diabetes, smoking, ageing, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases and conditions, stress, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, substance abuse, HIV infection, and certain medication use.
There are many forms of Periodontitis. Luckily, Periodontal disease can be preventable. Dr Vera recommends the patient receives treatment as early as possible.